In history we are doing a project with the students in senior 3. Here you can have more information about it.
After the impact of the WW1, the allies wanted to make sure that Germany wouldn´t recover enough to start another conflict such as this one. After a long discussion, the Allies agreed to put some limits on the Germans by The Treaty of Versailles.
One of the terms of the Treaty set that:
- The German army had to be limited to 100,000 men which had to be voluteers (conscription was banned)
- Germany wasn´t allowed to use armoured vehicles, submarines or aircraft
- The navy could only build six battleships
- The Rhineland should be a demilitarised zone
With the raise of Hitler to power in 1933, Europe suffered some severe changes which radically permutated the world.
Hitler had three aims, but the main one was to abolish the Treaty of Versailles, which he thought that had been very unjust towards the Germans.
That´s how he initiated a process to make Germany a big power again.
Firstly, he increased Germany´s armed forces. Secondly, he drafted unemployed workers to the army (which helped him to reduce unemployment).
At first, he kept this as a secret, but then he staged a massive military rally celebrating the german armed forces.
Although Hitler´s actions went against the Treaty of Versailles, the allies did nothing about it because many other countries were using rearmament as a way to fight unemployment. Furthermore, Britain thought that the limits put on Germany´s armed forces were too tight, and believed that she could be a good buffer against communism.
The insignificance that the allies showed towards Hitler´s actions gave him enough confidence to continue breaking the terms of the Treaty.
This is a primary source. The picture shows the massification of the Massive Military Rally in 1935, celebrating the German armed forces. Hitler was breaking a term of the Treaty Of Versailles.