Here’s an essay I wrote for the History class. We’ve been analyzing this topic in class and we had to complete this task. I hope you like it!
Catalina María Rela
AS HISTORY – SENIOR 5 2017
«How far was the Agricultural Revolution responsible for the start of the Industrial Revolution? Explain.»
The Industrial Revolution was the final consequence of new and different processes, inventions and ideals that occurred in the 18th century. One of the causes that made the revolution break out was the Agricultural Revolution, but there were other causes that contributed to its outbreak. The advances in transportation and communication, the development of the steam engine and the 18th century society also made the beginning of the Revolution possible.
To begin with, the Agricultural Revolution was very responsible for the start of the Industrial Revolution. Before the Industrial Revolution, practically all the countries economies’ were based on Agriculture. People used to harvest in whatever piece of land they liked, there was not any owner of the land and there were not any rights on the land, it was not considered a “property”. New harvesting tools and inventions were starting to develop and were really popular. Also, chemical inventions such as fertilisers were invented. These kind of inventions sped up harvests and kind of displaced peasants from their traditional works. Following that process, another process began: Land enclosure. Landowners began enclosing areas of common land and using them to produce a diversity of crops, not only basic food. The peasants that used to work and live on these lands had to move away since they did not have nor job nor place place to live. A totally new social class was beginning to form, social changes were about to be seen. In conclusion, for all the reasons mentioned above, that is why the Agricultural Revolution was responsible for the start of the Industrial Revolution, but it was not the only cause.
Furthermore, another utterly important cause were the advances in transportation and communication. It all started with the development of the steam engines. This new invention allowed machinery in factories to be quicker and more efficient. As machinery in factories worked better, production boomed and so there were more products that needed to be sold. So, the technology of the steam engine was also applied to transportations. Trains and boats had now this kind of technology that allowed them to be transported in a quicker way. Railways were installed all over the country. These kind of railways were more resistant since they were made up of iron and not of wood like in the past. New markets were opened with the building of the railways and canals. More food was distributed to all over the countries so this led to less food shortages and lower prices. Also, in some countries like Britain, they did not have internal tariffs so it was a win-win situation for producers. More loads could be carried since the railways were more resistant and the fuel, steam, was cheaper than the old fuel, coal. In conclusion, for all the reasons mentioned above, that is why the development of the steam engine and the advances in transportation and communication were responsible for the start of the Industrial Revolution, but there were not the only causes.
Moreover, the changes in society were also responsible for the start of the Industrial Revolution. The Agricultural Revolution had made people migrate to the cities looking for a new job. These agrarian workers got work in factories, producing food or other types of industrial products. Since production was blossoming thanks to the new factories, to the railways, to the steam engine and to the availability of new workers that had moved from rural areas to the cities, there were lots of cheap food available This provoked a great population growth. Also, new medical advances were being developed so the death rate was lowering more and more. In conclusion, the changes in society were also responsible for the start of the Industrial Revolution, but there were other causes as well.
All in all, the Industrial Revolution was the final consequence of new and different processes, inventions and ideals that occurred in the 18th century. There were different causes that made the Revolution start. Some of the causes that made the revolution begin where the Agricultural Revolution, the advances in transportation and communication, the development of the steam engine and the 18th century society. All these causes were responsible for the start of the Revolution.