In history we are studying «The Cold War». Since we are analyzing it deeply, we are now seeing «The Berlin Blockade» which was a very important event that occured in 1948. To understand this event fully and all of its causes and consequences, we had to do a task.
Firstly, we had to choose a video explaining the topic. Then, Lenny picked out from our selection of videos, the best ones. Secondly, using the material in our videos we had to complete a chart and answer some questions. Thirdly, we had to publish in our blogs the completed task. Here is mine!
- What was life like in Berlin in the post-war era?
Berlin was divided into two. The west part was capitalist and was divided into three zones: The French zone, the British zone and the American zone. The east part was communist and was under Soviet control. Berlin was devastated, it had suffered a lot and its people were also going through very harsh times.
- How did Soviet policy towards Berlin differ from that of the West?
The west part was capitalist and they wanted Berlin to grow and recover. In the other side, the communist part wanted to keep the country crippled.
- Why was reform of the German currency a key issue for both sides?
Because it was symbol of union, the west side wanted to show their power and alliance. Also as a (major) plus, it was easier to trade and it gave an assured economic stability.
- Why was the airlift such a major feat?
The airlift showed this union the allies wanted to demonstrate. It showed power, they wouldn’t be doomed by the soviets. The capitalists found the way to go over communism. Thanks to the airlift, the west part was improving whilst the east part was in decadency. The east part could see the capitalist prosperity and compared to their poverty it was really frustrating. Also, 11 months later, the Soviets retired the blockade because it wasn’t working. The capitalists were very intelligent with this strategy.
- In what respect can the USSR and US be responsible for further increasing tensions during the airlift?
The tension during the airlift was very strong. The soviets thought it was a capitalist attack and they were prepared to shoot down the planes. Tension was the main protagonist at first but then the airlift were a daily thing so it just got common.
- Why did Stalin eventually agree to talks over the airlift?
Stalin agreed to talk over the airlift because he saw the strength of the allies. They wouldn’t gave up so quickly as he had thought. Also, with the airlift the allies were giving even more help to Berlin that before the blockade. After 11 months of blockade, he opened communication and the airlift was over.