Archivo de la etiqueta: IGCSE

What are the important places in your life?

In our Language class, we studied the difference between place and space. Here is a picture that my friens, Florencia Araya, shared. I find it very graphic and easy to understand.

place and space

Therefore, we were asked to get in pairs or groups of three, think of a place that we share and brainstorm some ideas that we could talk about to then create a piece of writing about it.

I worked with Florencia Araya and Gonzalo Vazquez Avila, and instead of discussing a place that we share, we decided to talk about our countryhouses, that, even though we haven’t been together to each other’s, we are all very fond of them.


If there is a perfect place on earth, for me, it would be my countryside. Located in the outskirts of the huge city of Buenos Aires, “La Ventura” has an enormous place in my heart. Every time I visit it, it is like a new adventure. I go there since I was born so it’s a very special place for me. I remember the first time I went horseback riding on my own (and not with my father). It was midday of a scorching hot summer day. I was utterly scared and my heart was beating faster and faster every second. My father and my brother were besides me, riding other horses. I held the reins strongly and started riding. It was something I had never felt before. I was in complete control and could go anywhere I wanted. The fresh air blowing on my face and the smell of freshly cut grass could be felt in an incredible way up there.

Another thing I enjoy at my countryside is rain. Rain isn’t so common there, but when it rains it’s like a party for my family, literally. My grandma starts singing and everybody is clapping because of the rain. It seems like we are a very strange family (indeed we are) but, everyone is happy because the crops will grow bigger. When it stops raining a delicious smell is left. It’s like a mixture of flowers, grass and water. It’s awesome.

 When the sun comes down and the moon rises, my cousins and I go outside the house. We visit the yard, all with jars in our hands, looking forward to finding fireflies. It’s a very funny activity and we compete with each other to be the person with more fireflies in their jars.

 When I talked about this experience with my friends, I found out that they all feel the same as regards their country sides. Talking with them about it made me feel and imagine their ideal places and I think it was a very interesting activity.

The Manchurian Crisis

In history we are starting to deal with our first new topic: The Manchurian Crisis. Lenny, our teacher gave us a task. We had to watch a video about the crisis and then, answer some questions. Here is my work!

1)How does the video open? What might the connection between the League and the opening scenes in Poland be?

The video starts with aggressive images of Hitler’s SS taking over Poland. This shows how the league failed in maintaining peace, which was her principal objective.

2)What problems did Japan face? (Mention ALL of them)

Japan faced a few problems. One of them was that her population was growing more everyday (more than 1.000.000 mouths to feed) and she didn’t have enough resources for this growing population. Other problem related to the first one was that Japan didn’t have natural resources to exploit so they had to import (for example, food for the population). Also, a big problem that every European country was facing too was the Great Depression of the 30s, they didn’t have enough money to pay debts and they suffered unemployment as a consequence of the depression.

3)What was the role of the army in Japan?

The army had a great importance in Japan, she had even more importance than the politicians. They were in charge of the education system and they made the practice of martial arts for young people obligatory.

4)What did army leaders believe Japan needed?

Japanese army leaders thought that the only way to solve the crisis and the problems the population was facing was through expansion. They should expand their territory to eastern Asia.

5)What was the value of Manchuria?

Manchuria was important for the Japanese because it had what they needed: natural resources that they could exploit, land for the population and also they had the perfect excuse “the Chinese planted a bomb in our railways, now we are going to attack”. This, obviously was a lie.

6)What happened at Mudken?

The Japanese planted a bomb to their own railway so that they could blame China and have an excuse to invade. China appalled to the league.

7)What did the League do about it?

The league decided that Japan should leave Manchuria and Manchuria should become a independent country. China and Japan shouldn’t be involved anymore.

8)What was Japan’s reaction to the decision of the League?

Japan refused the decision so she left the League and kept Manchuria. The league couldn’t do anything since Japan was a very powerful country and no one could physically intervene.

A birthday

We have been analyzing the poem «A birthday» by Cristina Rosetti. We had to do an activity in pairs about the poem, here is mine!

a. What is the theme?
b. What is the tone?

Happy, joyful, soft, calm, tranquil, peaceful, reflective, relaxing and positive.

c. What is the main difference between the two stanzas?

In the first stanza her heart is compared to nature, but in the second one it’s compared to man made objects.
d. How are the similes in the poem appropriate for the romantic longings the speaker feels?

Some of the similes that Christina uses in the poem are related to her feelings. She is trying to say that she feels complete, fulfilled with happiness, overjoyed. That she finds herself in a good moment of life, she is calmed and satisfied.


Most of the similes in the poem that she uses are about her feelings. Shes expressing herself through words that help her express herself. Christina is happy, she is living a happy moment which she finds herself happy, overjoyed and in peace.  


In our opinion she is expressing her feelings very well. She gives us the feeling she is happy, joyful and enjoying the moment. «My heart is like a rainbow shell that paddles in a halcyon sea». Her heart is very tranquil, feeling really great, without worries. Her heart is feeling so well she describes it like a rainbow, using the perfection and symmetry of it to compare her heart. She is navigating through an idyllic sea with her delighted heart.

e. How is the metaphor of the birthday appropriate?

Earthly life and ‘life after life’: The images of new life in the natural world in A Birthday can be seen to allude to new life after death.
f. Make a list of religious symbols. What do they mean in the poem?

A singing bird: Christina compares her heart to a singing bird. The singing bird symbolizes God, he is always present in her heart and she can listen to him.

Watered shoot: It symbolizes the promise of God, that he will guide us and always provide our needs. It also alludes to the holy water.

An apple tree: the appearance of this word may allude to the first humans in the garden of Eden, where they lived in peace with nature and water and one another. Also it is related to the biblical concept of the tree of life.

Rainbow: Christina perceives that God’s promises are being fulfilled and her life is as perfect as the rainbow.


History Source Work

Since this year we are sitting for the History IGCSE examination, we had been practicing how to analyze sources and relate them to different topics. This time, we had to scan with our cellphones some QR codes our teacher Lenny Ambrosini gave us. Depending on the codes, we had different sources (images). Some of them related to the depression in the USA, others related to Nazi Germany, and what my code had was a source related on the positive aspects of the 20s boom. I looked for other partners that had the same topic and started working. We had to analyze the sources all together (my group was: Catalina Grosso, Delfina Miy Uranga, Gonzalo Vazquez Avila, Nicolas Monguzzi  and Delfina Santayana) and then put the images we had in a collage. Here is the work, I hope you enjoy it!PicMonkey Collage


This is a primary source because it is a real photo that was taken in the 1920s. In this image you can see some workers eating and resting on scaffolding. This is a very interesting picture because it shows how many people were working on this kind of risky jobs, it can be deadly to be working on such high places without protection, this people probably used to be unemployed before. This picture is very characteristic of the 1920’s because this decade was a huge boom of house construction, and skyscrapers started appearing.


This is a primary source, it seems to be a painting of a woman smoking which before the boom it was seem as a good habit. It show class and it made women look like men. They wanted to look like men so they could have the same rights.


This is a picture of the cover of a real 1920’s newspaper (primary source), here you can read titles that show prosperity, people encourage others to keep buying shares because as the title says, the stock market is going great, the people in the picture seem to be happy and well off. As we know, in the 1920’s people were enjoying life and getting easy money at the stock market, and even the government encouraged them to do so.


Characteristics of living organisms

Male Ravagnan, our Biology teacher, gave us a TASK. We started to learn about the living organisms and the 7 characteristics they must have. Here is my work 🙂

A) Post a picture with at least two of the characteristics of living organism.sun_and_sunflower2sunflower1

In this images we can see two very important characteristics: sensitivity and movement.

B) Name and define them

Sensitivity is the ability to detect and respond to changes in the environment and movement is an action by an organism causing a change of position or place. Sunflowers have sentivity because they detect and respond to changes in the enviroment such as the sun. When the sun moves, they move, looking at the sun so they can receive nutrients from it. Also, movement is in this process, because if they didn’t move they couldn’t get enough sun and nutrients.

C) List the other characteristics which are not shown in the picture.

  1. Respiration: as the chemical reactions in cells that break down nutrient molecules and release energy.
  2. Growth: as a permanent increase in size.
  3. Reproduction: as the processes that make more of the same kind of organism.
  4. Excretion: as removal from organisms of toxic materials and substances in excess of requirements.
  5. Nutrition: as taking in of materials for energy, growth and development.

Essay Writing

In our history class we’ve been seeing the 1920s. Our teacher, Lenny Ambrosini, told us to write an essay on it. Here is mine:

How far the 1920’s was a won decade?

In this essay I am going to say why I think the 1920s were a partly won decade.

On the one hand, the League of Nations had a lot of positive and negative aspects. The league succeeded in these ones: It resolved the conflict in Upper Silesia; Upper Silesia was an industrial region between Germany and Poland. This region was disputed between the two countries. The league intervened and made Upper Silesia to vote for which country they wanted to be ruled. Half of the region voted for Poland and the other half for Germany. Upper Silesia was divided and one half went for Germany and another half for Poland. Both countries accepted the decision. Other conflict that was resolved was the Aaland Islands one. The islands were between Sweden and Finland; both countries were threatening to fight for them. The league intervened and decided that the islands should go to Finland. Also another conflict was resolved; Corfu. There was a border between Greece and Albania that had to be sorted out after the war. The conference of Ambassadors appointed to an Italian general named Tellini to supervise it.  While they were surveying the border, Tellini and other soldiers were killed. An Italian leader called Mussolini was angry with the Greeks and blamed them for the murder of Tellini.  He was so angry that invaded the Greek island Corfu and Greece asked for help to the league. The Council of the League met. It condemned Mussolini, and told him to leave Corfu and also it told the Greeks to pay compensation to Italy. Mussolini accepted the decision.

But, the League didn’t have only successes; it also failed resolving these conflicts: Two new states were created after the post-war treaties, Poland and Lithuania. Vilna was the capital of Lithuania but her population was partly Polish. In 1920 a private polish army simply took control of it. Lithuania asked for help to league. The league saw the case and Poland was the clear aggressor, so it protested to Poland but Poland did not withdraw.  According to a pact, the league could have sent British and French troops to force the Poles to leave Vilna, but it didn’t. The French weren’t prepared to disturb Poland because they saw her as a possible ally with Germany in the future. Britain wasn’t prepared to attack so finally the league did nothing and the Poles kept Vilna. Other conflict that wasn’t resolved was the Bulgaria one. Some Greek soldiers were killed in an incident on the border between Greece and Bulgaria. The Greeks were angry and invaded Bulgaria. Bulgaria asked for help to the league. The league intervened and condemned the Greeks, and told them to leave Bulgaria. The Greeks obeyed and left Bulgaria.

On the other hand the growing USA had positive and negative aspects. Here, some of the positive ones; USA wanted to isolate herself from all the conflicts that were happening in Europe. To put the isolation into practice the republican policies were put in action. Laissez-Faire, basically was that the government didn’t want to interfere into the private businesses. This benefitted the businessman. ‘Low taxation’ was another policy that consisted of lowering the taxations so people had more money to spend in everything and stuff. During the BOOM many new industries and factories were held up .Radios, washing machines, refrigerators, etc… They used very much the “Buy now, pay later” because after all the casualties of WW1 they thought they could die in any moment so they decided to enjoy life. They enjoyed the low tax too if someone didn´t have the money she could borrow some easily. The biggest industry was the car one. Other positive thing about the USA in the 91920s was how women role changed abruptly. Women could now vote, wear less-restrictive clothes, kiss in public, drink in public, smoke in public and go out without a chaperone. Also entertainment in USA changed a lot as well. Places such as cinemas and theatres were created.

But, the USA in the 1920s weren’t doing so well. In the 20s, the government prohibited alcohol because they thought that “it separated families”. This brought many bad consequences. There were a group of people called “Gangsters” that were encharged of smuggling illegal alcohol. These men were very violent and corrupt. They bribed any judge or police who passed by their way trying to stop them. Also, people in the USA became very intolerant towards immigrants and black people. There was a group of anonym people that were called as “KKK” that used to hid themselves and kill black people. The farming industry wasn’t doing well also. Life for the farmers in the 1920s was a constant struggle, during the WW1, Europe couldn’t produce food so USA produced for them. After the war the farms had overproduction due to the fact that Europe didn’t buy any more food to USA.

In conclusion, the 1920s were very successful years but, it wasn’t completely “A won decade” as the statement says.