In history we are starting to deal with our first new topic: The Manchurian Crisis. Lenny, our teacher gave us a task. We had to watch a video about the crisis and then, answer some questions. Here is my work!
1)How does the video open? What might the connection between the League and the opening scenes in Poland be?
The video starts with aggressive images of Hitler’s SS taking over Poland. This shows how the league failed in maintaining peace, which was her principal objective.
2)What problems did Japan face? (Mention ALL of them)
Japan faced a few problems. One of them was that her population was growing more everyday (more than 1.000.000 mouths to feed) and she didn’t have enough resources for this growing population. Other problem related to the first one was that Japan didn’t have natural resources to exploit so they had to import (for example, food for the population). Also, a big problem that every European country was facing too was the Great Depression of the 30s, they didn’t have enough money to pay debts and they suffered unemployment as a consequence of the depression.
3)What was the role of the army in Japan?
The army had a great importance in Japan, she had even more importance than the politicians. They were in charge of the education system and they made the practice of martial arts for young people obligatory.
4)What did army leaders believe Japan needed?
Japanese army leaders thought that the only way to solve the crisis and the problems the population was facing was through expansion. They should expand their territory to eastern Asia.
5)What was the value of Manchuria?
Manchuria was important for the Japanese because it had what they needed: natural resources that they could exploit, land for the population and also they had the perfect excuse “the Chinese planted a bomb in our railways, now we are going to attack”. This, obviously was a lie.
6)What happened at Mudken?
The Japanese planted a bomb to their own railway so that they could blame China and have an excuse to invade. China appalled to the league.
7)What did the League do about it?
The league decided that Japan should leave Manchuria and Manchuria should become a independent country. China and Japan shouldn’t be involved anymore.
8)What was Japan’s reaction to the decision of the League?
Japan refused the decision so she left the League and kept Manchuria. The league couldn’t do anything since Japan was a very powerful country and no one could physically intervene.